(A) As used in this section:
(1) "Senior service provider" means any person who provides care or services to a person who is an adult as defined in division (B) of section 5101.60 of the Revised Code.
(2) "Ambulatory health facility" means a nonprofit, public or proprietary freestanding organization or a unit of such an agency or organization that:
(a) Provides preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic, rehabilitative, or palliative items or services furnished to an outpatient or ambulatory patient, by or under the direction of a physician or dentist in a facility which is not a part of a hospital, but which is organized and operated to provide medical care to outpatients;
(b) Has health and medical care policies which are developed with the advice of, and with the provision of review of such policies, an advisory committee of professional personnel, including one or more physicians, one or more dentists, if dental care is provided, and one or more registered nurses;
(c) Has a medical director, a dental director, if dental care is provided, and a nursing director responsible for the execution of such policies, and has physicians, dentists, nursing, and ancillary staff appropriate to the scope of services provided;
(d) Requires that the health care and medical care of every patient be under the supervision of a physician, provides for medical care in a case of emergency, has in effect a written agreement with one or more hospitals and other centers or clinics, and has an established patient referral system to other resources, and a utilization review plan and program;
(e) Maintains clinical records on all patients;
(f) Provides nursing services and other therapeutic services in accordance with programs and policies, with such services supervised by a registered professional nurse, and has a registered professional nurse on duty at all times of clinical operations;
(g) Provides approved methods and procedures for the dispensing and administration of drugs and biologicals;
(h) Has established an accounting and record keeping system to determine reasonable and allowable costs;
(i) "Ambulatory health facilities" also includes an alcoholism treatment facility approved by the joint commission on accreditation of healthcare organizations as an alcoholism treatment facility or certified by the department of alcohol and drug addiction services, and such facility shall comply with other provisions of this division not inconsistent with such accreditation or certification.
(3) "Community mental health facility" means a facility which provides community mental health services and is included in the comprehensive mental health plan for the alcohol, drug addiction, and mental health service district in which it is located.
(4) "Community mental health service" means services, other than inpatient services, provided by a community mental health facility.
(5) "Home health agency" means an institution or a distinct part of an institution operated in this state which:
(a) Is primarily engaged in providing home health services;
(b) Has home health policies which are established by a group of professional personnel, including one or more duly licensed doctors of medicine or osteopathy and one or more registered professional nurses, to govern the home health services it provides and which includes a requirement that every patient must be under the care of a duly licensed doctor of medicine or osteopathy;
(c) Is under the supervision of a duly licensed doctor of medicine or doctor of osteopathy or a registered professional nurse who is responsible for the execution of such home health policies;
(d) Maintains comprehensive records on all patients;
(e) Is operated by the state, a political subdivision, or an agency of either, or is operated not for profit in this state and is licensed or registered, if required, pursuant to law by the appropriate department of the state, county, or municipality in which it furnishes services; or is operated for profit in this state, meets all the requirements specified in divisions (A)(5)(a) to (d) of this section, and is certified under Title XVIII of the "Social Security Act," 49 Stat. 620 (1935), 42 U.S.C. 301, as amended.
(6) "Home health service" means the following items and services, provided, except as provided in division (A)(6)(g) of this section, on a visiting basis in a place of residence used as the patient's home:
(a) Nursing care provided by or under the supervision of a registered professional nurse;
(b) Physical, occupational, or speech therapy ordered by the patient's attending physician;
(c) Medical social services performed by or under the supervision of a qualified medical or psychiatric social worker and under the direction of the patient's attending physician;
(d) Personal health care of the patient performed by aides in accordance with the orders of a doctor of medicine or osteopathy and under the supervision of a registered professional nurse;
(e) Medical supplies and the use of medical appliances;
(f) Medical services of interns and residents-in-training under an approved teaching program of a nonprofit hospital and under the direction and supervision of the patient's attending physician;
(g) Any of the foregoing items and services which:
(i) Are provided on an outpatient basis under arrangements made by the home health agency at a hospital or skilled nursing facility;
(ii) Involve the use of equipment of such a nature that the items and services cannot readily be made available to the patient in the patient's place of residence, or which are furnished at the hospital or skilled nursing facility while the patient there to receive any item or service involving the use of such equipment.
Any attorney, physician, osteopath, podiatrist, chiropractor, dentist, psychologist, any employee of a hospital as defined in section 3701.01 of the Revised Code, any nurse licensed under Chapter 4723. of the Revised Code, any employee of an ambulatory health facility, any employee of a home health agency, any employee of an adult care facility as defined in section 3722.01 of the Revised Code, any employee of a community alternative home as defined in section 3724.01 of the Revised Code, any employee of a nursing home, residential care facility, or home for the aging, as defined in section 3721.01 of the Revised Code, any senior service provider, any peace officer, coroner, clergyman, any employee of a community mental health facility, and any person engaged in social work or counseling having reasonable cause to believe that an adult is being abused, neglected, or exploited, or is in a condition which is the result of abuse, neglect, or exploitation shall immediately report such belief to the county department of job and family services. This section does not apply to employees of any hospital or public hospital as defined in section 5122.01 of the Revised Code.
(B) Any person having reasonable cause to believe that an adult has suffered abuse, neglect, or exploitation may report, or cause reports to be made of such belief to the department.
(C) The reports made under this section shall be made orally or in writing except that oral reports shall be followed by a written report if a written report is requested by the department. Written reports shall include:
(1) The name, address, and approximate age of the adult who is the subject of the report;
(2) The name and address of the individual responsible for the adult's care, if any individual is, and if the individual is known;
(3) The nature and extent of the alleged abuse, neglect, or exploitation of the adult;
(4) The basis of the reporter's belief that the adult has been abused, neglected, or exploited.
(D) Any person with reasonable cause to believe that an adult is suffering abuse, neglect, or exploitation who makes a report pursuant to this section or who testifies in any administrative or judicial proceeding arising from such a report, or any employee of the state or any of its subdivisions who is discharging responsibilities under section 5101.62 of the Revised Code shall be immune from civil or criminal liability on account of such investigation, report, or testimony, except liability for perjury, unless the person has acted in bad faith or with malicious purpose.
(E) No employer or any other person with the authority to do so shall discharge, demote, transfer, prepare a negative work performance evaluation, or reduce benefits, pay, or work privileges, or take any other action detrimental to an employee or in any way retaliate against an employee as a result of the employee's having filed a report under this section.
(F) Neither the written or oral report provided for in this section nor the investigatory report provided for in section 5101.62 of the Revised Code shall be considered a public record as defined in section 149.43 of the Revised Code. Information contained in the report shall upon request be made available to the adult who is the subject of the report, to agencies authorized by the department to receive information contained in the report, and to legal counsel for the adult.
HISTORY: 139 v H 694 (Eff 11-15-81); 141 v H 66 (Eff 3-6-86); 142 v S 124 (Eff 10-1-87); 143 v S 2 (Eff 11-1-89); 143 v H 253 (Eff 11-15-90); 143 v H 317 (Eff 10-10-89); 146 v H 117 (Eff 9-29-95); 148 v H 471. Eff 7-1-2000.
The effective date is set by section 12(A) of HB 471.
Cross-References to Related Sections
Penalty, RC §§ 5101.99, 5123.99.
Abuse or neglect of patient, RC § 2903.34.
Case referrals, RC § 5101.61.1.
County board of MR/DD shall review reports of abuse and neglect, RC § 5126.31.
County department of job and family services to implement provisions, RC § 5101.71.
Department of job and family services to reimburse county departments of job and family services, RC § 5101.72.
Department of MR/DD shall establish a registry office for the purpose of maintaining reports of abuse and neglect, RC § 5123.61.
Investigation within twenty-four hours of report, RC § 5101.62.
Persons authorized to enter adult care facility, RC § 3722.15
Temporary restraining order to prevent interference or obstruction of investigation, RC § 5101.63.
Ohio Adminstrative Code
Department of health -
Adult care facilities: inspections; access to facilities; standards of conduct. OAC 3701-20-07.
Department of job and family services, division of social services -
Adult protective services. OAC ch. 5101:2-20.
Department of mental health -
Residential facilities: incident reporting. OAC 5122-30-16.
Department of mental retardation and developmental disabilities -
Complaint resolution; major unusual incidents. OAC ch. 5123:2-17.
Duty to report abuse:
42 USC § 3030p et seq
CA - Welf & Inst Code § 15600 et seq
FL - Stat Ann § 415.101 et seq
IL - Comp Stat Ann ch 320 § 15/1
IN - Code § 12-10-3-1 et seq
KY - Rev Stat Ann § 209.010 et seq
MI - Comp Laws Ann § 400.11 et seq
NY - Soc Serv Law § 473 et seq
PA - CSA tit 35 § 10225.101 et seq
Adult abuse. 1 Anderson Fam. L. § 29.17
Report of abuse:
O-Jur3d: Pub Welf §§ 55, 56
Criminal liability under statutes penalizing abuse or neglect of the institutionalized infirm. 60 ALR4th 1153.
Confidentiality and privilege: the status of social workers in Ohio. Gary W. Paquin. 19 Ohio N.U.L. Rev. 199 (1992).